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Colonial Secretary

WA Government page:
The Colonial Secretary's Office (CSO) originated with the appointment of Peter Broun as first Colonial Secretary on 30 December 1828.
The CSO was established as the chief administrative office for the new Colony with the Colonial Secretary responsible for conducting the business of the Governor with the various government departments of the day as well as with the Colonists, collectively and individually.
The Colonial Secretary was a member of both the Executive and Legislative Councils from their formation in 1832. Following the granting of self-government in 1890, the position of Colonial Secretary was held by a Minister, with the Under Secretary becoming the administrative head of the department from that date.
The CSO was responsible for / had oversight of a variety of functions including surveys, expeditions, customs, post offices, shipping, harbours, prisons, etc. The CSO records also contains extensive information about Aboriginal people throughout the 1800s. The Colonial Secretary dealt directly with England in matters concerning the Colony.
After Federation in 1901, the Office of the Colonial Secretary continued, although the scope of its functions were reduced as many of the CSO's responsibilities passed to the Commonwealth and State Governments. In 1924, the CSO was renamed the Chief Secretary's Department and the Minister in charge was titled the Chief Secretary. By 1980, its responsibilities had been limited to prisons, astronomical services, Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the Correspondence Despatch Office and it ceased to exist as a separate department in 1983.

The Colonial Secretary of Western Australia was one of the most important and powerful public offices in Western Australia, in the time when Western Australia was a British colony. The Colonial Secretary was the representative of the British Colonial Office in Western Australia, and was usually appointed from Britain. He was responsible for all official correspondence between the colony and the Colonial Office. He was at all times a member of the Western Australian Legislative Council and the Western Australian Executive Council.
After Western Australia gained responsible government in 1890, the office of Colonial Secretary became a ministerial portfolio. The responsibilities of the office changed substantially, and it was no longer such an important role. Colebatch (2004) described the office of Colonial Secretary in 1917 as
" responsible for a large number of departments including Aborigines, Public Health, charities and many of the state trading concerns including the State Shipping Service. The position required a great deal of detailed work and would always attract many Parliamentary Questions, but did not allow the minister much scope for initiative or achievement."
Since Western Australia was no longer a British colony after 1901, the office of Colonial Secretary was misnamed after this date. In 1924, the office was renamed to Chief Secretary.

Colonial Secretaries of Western Australia (from Wikipedia)

Peter Broun 1828–1846
George Fletcher Moore (acting) November 1846–1847
Richard Robert Madden May 1847–1849
Revett Bland (acting)[1] January 1849–March 1850
Thomas Yule (acting) March 1850–October 1850
Charles Alexander John Piesse October 1850–March 1851
Thomas Yule (acting) March–December 1851
Thomas Falconer From March 1851 but never arrived in colony
William Ayshford Sanford January 1852–July 1855
Frederick Barlee July 1855–24 November 1875 (on leave from 24 July 1875)
Anthony O'Grady Lefroy (acting) 24 July 1875–30 August 1877
Roger Goldsworthy 30 August 1877–7 September 1880
Edric Gifford 2 November 1880–21 January 1883
Malcolm Fraser 5 January 1883–28 December 1890
Matthew Smith (acting) 8 December 1885–18 April 1887
George Shenton 29 December 1890–11 October 1892
Stephen Parker 11 October 1892–4 December 1894
John Forrest 4 December 1894–28 April 1898
George Randell 28 April 1898–27 May 1901
Frederick Illingworth 27 May–21 November 1901
Matthew Moss 21 November–23 December 1901
Frederick Illingworth 23 December 1901–30 June 1902
Walter Kingsmill 1 July 1902–10 August 1904
George Taylor 10 August 1904–7 June 1905
John Drew 7 June–5 August 1905
Walter Kingsmill 25 August 1905–7 May 1906
John Connolly 7 May 1906–7 October 1911
John Drew 7 October 1911–27 July 1916
Hal Colebatch 27 July 1916–17 April 1919
Charles Hudson 17 April–17 May 1919
John Scaddan 17 May–25 June 1919
Frank Broun 25 June 1919–22 August 1922
Richard Sampson 22 August 1922–16 April 1924

References and Links page (as above)

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