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See also my analysis of what became of the passengers.

Marquis of Anglesea

The Marquis of Anglesea arrived with 104 passengers on 23 August 1829 and was wrecked on Anglesea Point on 4 September - and the point was consequently named after the ship. The other (northern) end of Bathers Bay was named Point Marquis. Neither 'point' still exists as such: both have become part of shore realignments. Point Marquis has been flattened and built over by the roadway leading out to the South Mole lighthouse. Anglesea Point was roughly at the western end of the former Fishermen's Cooperative building - now Bathers Beach House - and has become part of the shoreline at the southern end of Bathers Beach, near the point where the fishing harbour breakwater goes out to sea. Some remnant piles of the former Long Jetty may still be seen in the sea, near the breakwater. There is also a sculptural representation of part of said Jetty, which is near the point where the actual Jetty went seawards from Anglesea Point.

The majority of the passengers aboard the Marquis of Anglesea were indentured servants of Peter Augustus Lautour, an Anglo-French military officer who was one of the two major absentee investors in the Swan River colony. (The other was Solomon Levey.)

Henry Paget was the First Marquess of Anglesey. I believe that the ship was named for him (despite the differences in spelling). Anglesey is an island off the Welsh coast, reached by crossing Thomas Telford's Menai Straits Suspension Bridge. Anglesea is a seaside town on Victoria's Great Ocean Road.
Henry Paget bought the ewer which was the prize for the Royal Yacht Squadron's regatta of 1851, with a race around the Isle of Wight. It is the trophy which is now known as the America's Cup, so called after the yacht America, which won in 1851.

currie

This is a photograph of the image on an interpretive plaque at Bathers Bay, showing the location of the wreck on Anglesea Point, with South Bay (now filled in and become the Esplanade) to this (southern) side of it. The accompanying text follows.

Bathers Bay plaque:
The Marquis of Anglesea was the sixth ship to arrive at Swan River, anchoring in Gage Roads on 23 August 1829. On board were 104 passengers mainly from Cornwall. One child was born on the journey.
The 101 day journey from Plymouth, England, had been eventful. On a stopover at the Cape Verde Islands, the ship's surgeon was reportedly "drunk all the time" and one passenger "knocked down his wife without the slightest provocation on her part, and almost tore off the ear of a Gentleman who interfered on her behalf."
On 4 September, a gale drove the ship onto the rocks dragging its three anchors. Fortunately the passengers and most of the cargo had already been unloaded.

currie detail

Damaged beyond repair, the stranded hull of the Marquis of Anglesea was sold to local merchant George Leake for £170. He then leased the wreck to the Government which treated it as a ready-made building. A few modifications and it soon became the Governor's residence, the Harbour Master's office, the Post Office, a prison for refractory servants and the colonial store.
The wreck later became the colonial gaol, housing up to twenty seven prisoners. For a time it also housed a mental patient, the deranged surgeon Nicholas Langley. Its final use was as a grain store.
After some three years the wreck was finally broken up by heavy seas.

The wreck was the first 'place' to function as a post office, with the business conducted by Lionel Samson on a voluntary basis until John Bateman was appointed postmaster.

Souter & McMcCarthy:
The first port activities at Arthur Head were directed from the wreck of the Marquis of Anglesea (1815-1829) which provided a base for the Colony's first Harbour Master [Mark Currie]. The Harbour Master's office was then transferred to a building on Anglesea Point, due north of the South Jetty which was constructed in c. 1851. Souter & McMcCarthy.

Passenger List

Adapted, simplified, from the WAGS (now Family History WA) page; their source: L & S Red No.657, with additional names from the Muster Book, the 1832 & 1836 Census. I have followed Erickson in cases of doubtful spelling.

Passengers

Edward Pomeroy BARRETT-LENNARD; successful landowner
Revett Henry BLAND; success story: farmer to banker
Robert BUDDEN; dep. 1831
Daniel & Eliza CARTER; dep. asap, 1830, for NSW
Charles & Mary CHILCOTT & chn Charles, Langford, & Mary; dep. for VDL 1831
John CLELAND; unsuccessful carpenter turned schoolteacher; left 1837 for Mauritius
Henry L. COLE; a success story: seaman to Town Councillor
Nathaniel & Elizabeth COWELL, chn: Nathaniel, John, Frederick, Eliza, Phoebe, Felix; no inf.
John Burtenshaw COX and wife Sophia & 2 chn; left for Victoria, probably asap
Thomas & Elizabeth DENT & 3 chn: Thomas, Ann, & Elizabeth; publican wife-beater d. @ 49
William & Jane DIXON & daughter Frances (m. PEIRL); successful publican, d. London 1875
Dr Thomas HARRISON; died Albany @ 43
William & Mrs Mary Ann LAMB & various chn; successful, but went to SA in 1849
Robert Menli LYON real name Robert Lyon Milne; dep. 1834 for VDL
John & Elizabeth MILES - left after two years
William & Mary NAIRN & 4 chn: Charlotte, James, Margaret, William; died in Perth @ 65
Isaac & Hannah NELSON & 3 chn - left almost immediately
Robert A. PARTRIDGE (aka Richard) with servant Porley (below) - left after ten years
Arthur PRICE; left asap, after two years
Thomas & Matilda WALL & 3 chn: George, Mary Ann, & Matilda; carpenter; d. York c. 65-70.
Edward B. LEONARD - nothing discoverable
John & Rebecca SIMMONS (since dead) - nothing discoverable

Servants

James & Clarissa BROOKES
Mary BURTON
Mary Ann GIBBS; dep. 1831
James GILL; James and perhaps also Matthew dep. 1830 for VDL
Matthew GILL
William & Lucy GLOVER with child Thomas and nephew William; ancestors of Greg James
James HAMPSHIRE; apparently successful as a farmer (and explorer)
Maria HARLOW, maidservant
James JENKINSON; successful farmer, d. Mt Eliza OPH
James LANGRIDGE; dep. before end 1829
William LITTLEMORE; attempted suicide 1849, but d. 1860
John MENZIES
Thomas & Sarah PORLEY & 2 chn: Ambrose, Caroline; successful butcher, but d. @ 40
Henry SAWYER, employee of Daniel Carter
John SMITH, Lautour settler, servant to Robert Partridge, drowned 1833 aged 28
John WELBOURNE; successful builder & publican, significant Guildford resident, lived to 70

OUTCOMES FOR MEN WHO ARRIVED ON THIS SHIP

Stayers

Edward Pomeroy BARRETT-LENNARD; successful landowner
Revett Henry BLAND; success story: farmer to banker
Henry L. COLE; a success story: seaman to Town Councillor
William & Jane DIXON & daughter Frances (m. PEIRL); successful publican, d. London 1875
William & Mrs Mary Ann LAMB & various chn; successful, but went to SA in 1849
William & Mary NAIRN & 4 chn: Charlotte, James, Margaret, William; died in Perth @ 65
Thomas & Matilda WALL & 3 chn: George, Mary Ann, & Matilda; carpenter; d. York c. 65-7
William & Lucy GLOVER with child Thomas and nephew William; ancestors of Greg James
James HAMPSHIRE; apparently successful as a farmer (and explorer)
James JENKINSON; successful farmer, d. Mt Eliza OPH
William LITTLEMORE; attempted suicide 1849, but d. 1860
John WELBOURNE; successful builder & publican, significant Guildford resident, lived to 70

Departed

Robert BUDDEN; dep. 1831
Daniel & Eliza CARTER; dep. asap, 1830, for NSW
Charles & Mary CHILCOTT & chn Charles, Langford, & Mary; dep. for VDL 1831
John CLELAND; unsuccessful carpenter turned schoolteacher; left 1837 for Mauritius
John Burtenshaw COX and wife Sophia & 2 chn; left for Victoria, probably asap
Robert Menli LYON real name Robert Lyon Milne; dep. 1834 for VDL
John & Elizabeth MILES - left after two years
Isaac & Hannah NELSON & 3 chn - left almost immediately
Robert A. PARTRIDGE (aka Richard) with servant Porley (below) - left after ten years
Arthur PRICE; left asap, after two years
Mary Ann GIBBS; servant; dep. 1831
James GILL; James and perhaps also Matthew dep. 1830 for VDL
James LANGRIDGE; dep. before end 1829

Died

Thomas & Elizabeth DENT & 3 chn: Thomas, Ann, & Elizabeth; publican wife-beater d. @ 49
Dr Thomas HARRISON; died Albany @ 43
Thomas & Sarah PORLEY & 2 chn: Ambrose, Caroline; successful butcher, but d. @ 40
John SMITH, Lautour settler, servant to Robert Partridge, drowned 1833 aged 28

Military passengers

I have not attempted to find out what happened to the people who arrived with the 63rd Regiment. This research has been undergoing for some years by a researcher who will publish it some day, I suppose –  probably after my death.

Detachment: 63rd Regiment
From: Chatham, England
On board: Marquis of Anglesea
 1 Sergeant
 9 Privates
 4 Women
 2 Children
Remarks: One child born on board 12 August 1829.
Sergeant Patrick BURKE
[Private George BUDGE was not on the Marquis of Anglesea, as per WAGS, but arrived on the Orelia.]
Private Phillip CORRIGAN & wife
Private Thomas HUGHES & wife
Private John KEARNEY
Private George McCOLGAN & wife
Private John McDONALD
Private John RAHILL
Private John REILLY (2) & wife, one child
Private Terence RYAN

Shipping report

Time of Arrival - 5pm 23rd August 1829 1pm
Ships Name - Marquis of Anglesea, 101 days from Plymouth
No. of Tons - 352
No. of Guns - 4
Where from - London, Plymouth, Puerto Plato, Santiago
Where about to - Swan River
Return of Cargo - General
Where consigned - Market
Passengers Names - Passenger List included
Intelligence - The Atwick will sail after the 12th May, to call at Plymouth and the Cape

Prisoners

Men who were incarcerated in the Marquis 1829-30. From Errington 2023: see the book for details.

George Balquoizon, Robert Bell, John Brown, Stephen Burke, John Burtenshaw-Cox, John Cadle, Edward Chapman, Arthur Clapp, John Coleman, Michael Coleman, Robert Coombes, James Dolbear, Thomas Dorset, Christin Dupon, John England, John Fanagan, Franciso, William Hill, Chan Homed, John Hubbard, Samuel Jackson, Thomas Jones, George Kedger, Dr Nicholas Langley, Paul Lockyer, John McKay, MarryJohn, Joseph Martain, Robert Paine, Richard Palmer, Phelan, Charles Vines, Charles Weskill, John Woods.


From Dr Alexander Collie's Journal:

"September 7, 1829. During a gale from the westward on the night of September 3, the ship Marquis of Anglesea (352 tons) which had lately arrived (on August 23rd under the command of Captain W. Stewart) with 130 settlers on board and anchored in Gage Roads close to the mouth of the Swan River, drove on shore, bilged and filled with water; all hands were saved with part of the cargo that remained unloaded. This with the previous driving of the Calista shows that Gage Roads at this season, is not safe and may occasion the establishment of another sea-port in Cockburn Sound."

From a Letter by Captain W.T. Dance of HMS Sulphur dated 9th September 1829:

"The Marquis of Anglesea drove with three anchors ahead in a gale of wind and going onto the rocks southward of the entrance of the river, was bilged and I fear, can never be got off.

Errington:
[Archdeacon Scott] was particularly scathing about the loss of the Marquis of Anglesea which, he said, ‘went on shore with two large anchors on her bow never used or prepared that was a complete piece of roguery on the underwriters.’ Errington: 9.

References and Links

Erickson.

Errington, Steve 2016, 'Thomas Hobbes Scott: Western Australia’s first clergyman', Early Days, no. 100: 87-100.

Errington, Steve 2023, Locked Up In Fremantle 1829-1856: Prisoners and Patients on the Marquis of Anglesea and in the Round House, Hesperian.

Souter, Corioli & M. McCarthy nd, The Maritime Archaeological Resource at Arthur Head: A Report for the Arthur Head Conservation Plan, Dept Maritime Archaeology, WA Maritime Museum, report no. 145.

See the Family History WA page for 1829 ship arrivals.

The Glover family arrived on this ship.

Wikipedia page for the ship.

Frank Murray includes some documentary material about the journey on this page.

WikiTree page for this ship.


Garry Gillard | New: 16 January, 2015 | Now: 14 March, 2024